Schneider Schafkopf Der Grundtarif
Man ist beim Schafkopfen Schneider, wenn man eine gewisse Anzahl an Punkten nicht erreicht. Bei den “Spielern” sind es 31 Punkte. Bei den “Nicht-Spielern”. Hier lernst Du, wie man beim Schafkopf den Spielwert berechnert. Grundtarif, Leger/Klopfer, Laufende, Kontra/Re und Spielausgang (Schneider/Schwarz). Mit 31 Augen ist die Spielerpartei Schneider frei. Für die Nichtspielerpartei hingegen ist entsprechend das Spiel mit Auch beim Schafkopf gilt: Verlieren der oder die Spieler (i. S. v. die das Spiel ansagende Partei) mit 30 oder weniger Augen, sind. Äquivalent dazu hat die Nichtspielerpartei mit 60 Augen 'gewonnen', mit 90 Augen 'mit Schneider gewonnen' und ist mit 30 Augen 'schneiderfrei'. Die einzige.
Auch beim Schafkopf gilt: Verlieren der oder die Spieler (i. S. v. die das Spiel ansagende Partei) mit 30 oder weniger Augen, sind. Beim Schafkopf spielen meist 4 Spieler mit 32 Karten. Variation: "Kurzes Blatt" bei 4 Spielern Erreicht eine Gruppe weniger als 30 Punkte ist sie "Schneider". Hier lernst Du, wie man beim Schafkopf den Spielwert berechnert. Grundtarif, Leger/Klopfer, Laufende, Kontra/Re und Spielausgang (Schneider/Schwarz).
Schneider Schafkopf - Apps, Programme und online spielenDas Muss-Spiel hat einige Besonderheiten; so gilt das Spiel für die Spielerpartei bereits mit 60 Augen als gewonnen und mit 30 Augen als Schneider frei entsprechend mit 90 Augen als mit Schneider gewonnen. Jürgen A. Das Ass muss nun zurückgegeben werden, selbst wenn noch eine andere Karte mit derselben Farbe im Spiel ist.
In the past, a Heart Solo was sometimes ranked higher that the other Suit Solos, but that is no longer common today. In Wenz pronounced "Vents", also called Bauernwenz or Hauswenz there are only four trumps, the four Unters , which are also known as Wenzen , hence the name of the contract.
They rank in the usual order from highest to lowest: Acorns, Leaves, Hearts and Bells. The Obers are ranked in their suits between the King and the Nine.
Hearts is just a normal suit. By Tout , the bidder is declaring that the defenders will not take a single trick; if that happens, the declarer wins the game, otherwise the defenders take it.
A Tout is normally valued at twice the normal game value. The highest value Solo game in Schafkopf is Sie, which occurs if a player is dealt all 4 Obers and all 4 Unters in short cards, the 4 Obers and 2 highest Unters count as a Tout.
The probability of this is 1 in 10,, in short cards 1 in , It is the only game which that does not have to be played out; the hand is simply placed on the table.
It normally scores four times the basic game value. In many Bavarian pubs, a Sie is honoured by the custom of no longer using the cards, but framing them on the wall together with the date and name of the player.
The four players sit crosswise as the table. Before the game begins, the first dealer is determined, usually by drawing the highest card from the deck.
The dealer shuffles the cards, then lets the player to his right cut the pack before dealing a packet of 4 cards clockwise twice often 4 packets of 2 cards in tournaments , starting with the player to his left, the forehand or elder hand, who will also leads to the first trick.
The role of dealer rotates clockwise; four games make a 'round'. When cutting, at least three cards must be lifted or left lying; taking this rule into account, the pack may be cut up to 3 times.
In this case, the cutter may instruct the dealer to deal the cards differently - for example, "all eight" instead of 2 packets of 4, or "anti-clockwise" , etc.
Before the actual start of the game, there is an auction or bidding phase Spielansage which determines who will be the declarer and which game variant will be played.
After that, the right to bid passes to the next player in a clockwise direction, until finally the dealer gets a chance to bid. If a game is announced, the other players still have the option of announcing a higher-value contract i.
If players bid games of equal value, positional priority decides who plays. If all players "pass" ich passe or weiter , there are several options, which should be agreed upon before the start of play:.
Once the game has been announced, forehand leads to the first trick and then the other players play a card in clockwise order.
Once there are four cards on the table, the player who has won the trick cards picks it up and places it face down in a pile on the table.
The winner of the trick leads to the next trick and so on, until all 32 cards - 8 tricks - have been played.
Depending on the type of card played, a distinction is made between 'suit tricks' and 'trump tricks'. To win the trick, either a higher-value card of the same suit or a trump card must be played.
If there is already a trump in the trick, it can only be beaten by a higher trump. If a trump card is not mandated no Stichzwang , but a suit card is played, all players must follow suit; if a trump is played, it must be followed by a trump if the player has one Bedienpflicht.
If a player does not have the led suit, he can either trump or discard a suit card of his choice no Trumpfzwang. Failure to follow suit, criticising or verbally trying to influence the game generally results in the loss of the game.
If a trick is not yet completed i. After the game is over and the card points are counted, the game is scored. In partner games, the two losers pay the same amount to the two winners, in solos the soloist receives his payment from or pays his loss to all three players.
Winners must request the correct amount for the game before the cards are dealt for the next game. If the winner overclaims, then twice the difference can be recouped by the losing team if the rules are applied strictly.
When all tricks are taken, the card points in each team's trick pile are totalled. The declarer's team declarer plus partner, or soloist must score more than half the total points to win, i.
This means that the defenders only need 60 points to win. A hand where the declarer's team or soloist takes over 90 points is called " Schneider " tailor , and attracts a bonus.
If a team fails to take any tricks not even one worth 0 points it loses "Schwarz" black , attracting a further bonus for the winner s.
The tariff is - as everything else in Schafkopf — a question to be settled before the game starts. A special rate applies to Solo, which does not necessarily have to be based on the basic rate, but rather on the most convenient calculation and coin size.
In addition, a rate is often agreed between the basic rate and the Solo rate e. If a team is schneider at the end of the game, the value of the game is increased by the basic tariff.
If they are schwarz it is increased by a further notch whether the game has been won by the declarer's team or the defenders has no effect on the tariff.
The payment of schneider is viewed as a matter of honour and paid voluntarily; by contrast, schwarz must be claimed by the winner. In Wenz and Suit Solo schneider and schwarz are not always scored in long Schafkopf, but they always are in short Schafkopf.
If a player holds a certain number of the highest trump cards in uninterrupted sequence, they are called matadors Laufende , Bauern or Herren.
Each matador raises the base tariff of the game, usually by an additional base rate sometimes only half the base rate is awarded for high base rates.
The number of matadors is determined as follows:. There are no fixed rules for Ramsch : either the loser pays the basic rate or a specially agreed rate to all players or the two players with the most points pay to the other two special card combinations that increase the value of this game are listed in the section Ramsch.
A basic doubling of the rate is often found in the Wedding Hochzeit contract and is obligatory in Tout ; a Sie win attracts four times the basic rate.
After the players receive the first hand of cards four cards and before they take the second hand they can double the value of the game either by knocking on the table or calling "doppeln" to double.
Normally a specific token e. Depending on the exact local rules only the first, only one or all players can double the game.
If more than one player doubles the game the factors get multiplied, i. These factors take effect after all other bonuses are added.
In the case of Tout the game cost again double but no Schneider or Schwarz bonus is paid. The value of the game can be doubled further by Contra.
This re-doubles the value of the game. Depending on the local rules, further challenges - "Sub" , "Re-Sub" and others - may be allowed, each one further doubling the value of the game.
This is called "Contra on the First Card ". Another variant allows defenders to say "Contra" before they play their own first card - known as "Contra with Eight Cards" - or that Re etc.
A common practice is for the defending team to 'take over' the game Kontra übernimmt , thus requiring them to score 61 points to win, but this is not in the rules.
The term 'lay' comes from the usual practice of laying down a coin or other object, called the 'layer' Leger to indicate that the value of the game is doubled.
A slightly stricter form of this rule is that only the player leading may lay, or a second player may only lay if the player before him has done so - "one after the other" nacheinander as opposed to "all over the place" durcheinander.
Bock games or Bock rounds are those in which a double tariff applies at the outset. They can take place for various reasons, for example after the cards are thrown in, after lost Solos or double games as well as generally after schwarz or Re games.
A sweetener Stock , Pott , Henn , etc. With prior agreement, the declarer's team may claim the Stock if they win the game; if they lose it however, they must double the contents of the Stock.
In Schafkopf tournaments there is usually a special variant of the Stock called the Reuegeld. These contracts are an extension of the basic structure of classic Schafkopf; they are rarely found at tournaments but have a permanent place in many places where Schafkopf is played for fun.
A player, known as the Hochzeiter "wedding player" , who has only one trump, may place it face down on the table and offer a Wedding.
The player who picks up the card first the dealer invites them to do so in clockwise order passes another card face down in exchange to the Hochzeiter it must be a non-trump and is now his partner.
In the variant Bauernhochzeit "Farmer's Wedding", also called Doppelhochzeit , "Double Wedding" , two cards are exchanged. The rules for Wedding vary slightly from region to region.
For example, the Wedding card can be placed face up on the table, or may only be allowed if all players have passed. In the very rare case that two players hold only one trump each, a Double Wedding is also possible.
The declaring team is the pair that announced the first Wedding. The players facing one another across the table automatically form teams.
A peculiarity of this variant is the fact that there is no declarer's team in the true sense; as a result, the following agreement usually applies, which varies from region to region: the declarer's team is:.
A mandatory game, the Muss i. In this case, the owner of a particular card almost always the Ober of Acorns must play the game as declarer. Muss has some special features: the game is won if the declarer's team score 60 card points and is schneider free with 30 points correspondingly won as schneider with 90 points.
In addition, no Contra may be given. If the Muss player is 'blocked' gesperrt i. If the Muss player holds all three suit Sows himself, he may also call a Suit Ten if necessary even a Suit King of his choice.
These games, too, are generally only of regional significance, as a result only the most common are described here.
Geier is a derivative of Wenz, in which only the Obers act as trumps. Similarly there are variants in which another card is given the function of the Unters in Wenz.
Suit Wenz Farbwenz is a cross between Wenz and Suit Solo in which, in addition to the Unters as the highest trumps, a trump suit is also chosen.
The Obers are part of their suits which gives eleven trumps. Here too, there are variations in which another card takes on the function of the Unters in Suit Wenz; in Suit Geier Farbgeier , for example, it is the Obers.
Bettel is a classic negative contract, i. In many regions it can be played 'ouvert' Bettel Ouvert or Bettel Brett.
Related to Bettel is Ramsch Tout or Pfd; where the soloist aims to take no tricks again, but this time there are trumps Obers, Unters and Hearts.
Sometimes hybrids are also played, where the Obers and Unters are trumps, but there is no trump suit. Ramsch is a variation of the game played if no-one has bid often the 'last man' has the option of announcing Ramsch if the players bidding before him have all passed.
In contrast with the other contracts, everyone plays against everyone else, i. The same trump cards apply as for Rufspiel , but the aim is to score as few card points as possible.
The player with the most points loses and pays all the other players. If two or more players score the same number of points, the one with the most tricks loses.
If the number of tricks is also equal, the player with the most trumps in the tricks loses; if that number is also equal, the player with the higher trump loses.
Special rules adapted from Skat are the Durchmarsch or Mord , which correspond to a "sweep" or "slam", i. A variation of Ramsch is Schieberamsch , a special local variant, where the tricks are passed on clockwise at the end of the game, and where the player who has the fewest points at the end also wins.
Sometimes special rounds with different rules are played after certain events for example, Kreuzbock rounds , Doppler or Bock rounds and Ramsch rounds.
The Ober of Acorns and Ober of Leaves are removed from play before dealing; the dealer deals as usual, but receives only 6 cards himself.
Forehand picks up the 2 cards but may only allowed play a Suit Solo. He passes on pushes or schiebt any two cards face down to middlehand.
Middlehand, in turn, picks up the cards and passes any two cards to rearhand; finally rearhand passes two cards of his choice to the dealer, who now has 8 cards; the game is then announced in the event that the player does not want to play a Solo, there are different rules; for example, the waiters can be pushed back to the dealer.
Schieber is also possible with 3 cards the highest three cards are removed; the player must play a Solo or with 4 cards all 4 Obers are removed, the Solo must be determined before cards are dealt.
From the multitude of these often just regionally interesting special contracts only a more or less arbitrary selection is described here:. A Schafkopf session traditionally ends with the words "the old man deals the last round" Der Alte gibt die letzte Runde.
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